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Prokaryotic cells are the simplest organisms, belonging to the kingdom Monera. This includes bacteria, amoeba, etc.


Pili- propels the cell
Flagella- propels the cell
Capsule- encloses the cell
Cell Wall- encloses the cell and provides structure
Cytoplasmic membrane- encloses the cell
Ribosomes- create proteins from genetic instructions
Cytoplasm- liquid in which organelles are suspended
DNA (not labelled)- provides instructions for the cell










Animal cells are eukaryotes, which are far

more complex instructure than prokaryotes

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Plasma membrane- ecloses the cell
Flagellum (sometimes)- propels the cell
Cytosol- liquid in which all organelles are suspended
Vesicle- hole in membrane through which particles can pass
Ribosomes- create proteins from genetic instructions
Centriole- function unknown
Mitochondrion- create energy for the cell to use
Microtubules- provide structure for the cell and organelles
Golgi- sends materials inside and outside of the cell
Lysosome- disposes of waste
Smooth ER- packages proteins and makes membrane phosolipids
Rough ER- covered in ribosomes, makes and exports proteins
Nucleus- the control center, contains DNA
Nuclear Envelope- encloses the nucleus
Chromatin- the uncoiled form of DNA
Nuclear Pore- function unknown
Nucleolus- region of concentrated DNA inside the nucleus




external image plantcell.jpgPlant cells are more structured than animal cells. The cell wall keeps it from being able to move very much


Cell Wall- encloses the cell and makes it very rigid
Plasma Membrane- encloses the cell
Peroxisome- converts hydrogen peroxide into water
Golgi- sends materials inside and outside of the cell
Ribosomes- create proteins from genetic instructions
Mitochondrion- create energy for the cell to use
Chloroplast- convert solar energy to chemical energy
Rough ER- covered in ribosomes, makes and exports proteins
Smooth ER- packages proteins and makes membrane phosolipids
Nucleus- the control center, contains DNA
Nuclear Envelope- encloses the nucleus
Nucleolus- region of concentrated DNA inside the nucleus